V.V. Dokuchaev Soil Science Institute

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The soils as the natural cultural heritage, the bank of biodiversity and information

E. D. Nikitin1, E. B. Skvortsova2,*, E. P. Sabodina1

1Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie gory 1, Moscow, 119991 Russia

2V.V. Dokuchaev Soil Science Institute, Pyzhevskii per. 7, Moscow, 119017 Russia 

The interpretation of soils as multifunctional objects of natural and cultural heritage is stipulated. The soils are also considered as the bank of biodiversity and information about the evolution of natural environment and dynamics of ecosystems. The necessity of giving the status of specially protected sites to the objects from The Red Book of Soils is shown. Theoretical, scientific and research, organization and practical issues of soil preservation as an object of natural and cultural heritage were determined. The effective preservation of natural resources is characterized as a system of closely related in place, local, regional and global measures. Three basic correlated to each other and equal ways of nature preservation and soils recultivation will be used in a framework of the presented system: 1) the preservation from the factors of destruction and degradation; 2) the rational use of soil and natural resources; 3) the recultivation of soils and nature, compensating the anthropogenic degradation of natural zones. The necessity of manifestation of recovering zonal specificities, for the territories withdrawn from agricultural use is shown. This is actual for the purposes of soil preservation.

Keywords: soil preservation, ecological functions of soils, biodiversity, The Red Book of Soils, biosphere, pedosphere

DOI: 10.19047/0136-1694-2017-88-138-158

Citation: Nikitin E.D., Skvortsova E.B., Sabodina E.P. The soils as the natural cultural heritage, the bank of biodiversity and information, Byulleten Pochvennogo instituta im. V.V. Dokuchaeva, 2017, Vol. 88, pp. 139-159. doi: 10.19047/0136-1694-2017-88-138-158

Никитин Е.Д., Скворцова Е.Б., Сабодина Е.П. Почвы как природно-культурное наследие, банк биоразнообразия и информации // Бюл. Почв. ин-та им. В.В. Докучаева. 2017. Вып. 88. С. 139-159. doi: 10.19047/0136-1694-2017-88-138-158


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